U.S. Assistance to Cyprus: 1975-2015

Between 1975 and 2015, the U.S. provided more than $500 million in Economic Support Funds (ESF) to Cyprus through a succession of Congressional earmarks channeled through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).  Over the years, the emphasis of the program shifted from emergency relief to longer-term development and coexistence.

In the late 1990s, the U.S. assistance program began to actively promote bicommunal cooperation between Cypriots on initiatives that benefited the island as a whole and supported a broad political settlement, based on a bizonal, bicommunal federal framework.

In 2015, the U.S. assistance program came to a close as negotiations resumed.  While a settlement must ultimately be reached at the political level, it will be up to Cypriots from both communities to implement that agreement and ensure that it results in an enduring peace for the island. To learn more visit the Mahallae page.

1975-1997:  Grant assistance through the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) kept Cypriots alive in the months that followed the violence of 1974 and assisted recovery in both communities for years afterwards.

1982-2015:  The Cyprus America Scholarship Program (CASP), administered by the Cyprus Fulbright Commission (CFC), funded scholarships and training programs for Cypriots to study in the United States.

1998-2015:  In partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the Action for Cooperation and Trust (ACT) program and its predecessor, the Bicommunal Development Program (BDP), supported projects that encouraged Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots to work together on common issues that ranged from infrastructure to public health, environmental conservation to cultural heritage, and civil society strengthening to peacebuilding.

2000-2014:  The Embassy’s Bicommunal Support Program (BSP) funded bicommunal programs focusing on professional development, education and leadership.

2005-2013:  The Cyprus Partnership for Economic Growth (CyPEG), implemented directly by U.S. contractors, funded activities to reduce the disparities that complicate relations between the two sides in areas such as environmental and energy conservation, banking, trade, and skills development.

Read more and see the Flickr gallery with the “40 Years of U.S. Foreign Assistance to Cyprus in 40 Photos”, as it appeared on our Twitter account.