Eligibility for a CRBA

General Information About a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA):

If your child has a claim to U.S. citizenship, it is necessary for the U.S. citizen parent to execute an application for a “Consular Report of Birth Abroad”, before a consular officer.  We recommend that you register your child after his/her birth.

The U.S. citizenship of a child born in Cyprus to a U.S. citizen parent can be documented with a Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a U.S. citizen before the child reaches the age of 18 years. The Consular Report of Birth Abroad is the legal equivalent of a birth certificate issued in the United States. It can be important to obtain a Consular Report of Birth Abroad because most jurisdictions in the United States do not recognize foreign birth certificates.

It is important to note that the U.S. citizenship of a parent does not automatically confer U.S. Citizenship on a child born in Cyprus. U.S. law requires that specific additional conditions be met for a child born abroad to acquire U.S. citizenship at birth.

Please read one of the options listed below A to D to determine which category applies to you.  In addition, be sure to read the instructions below how to apply for the Consular Report of Birth Abroad:

To apply for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad for the child, both parents must come with the child to the consular section at the U.S. Embassy.  The U.S. Embassy strongly encourages parents obtaining a Consular Report of Birth for their child to also apply for a U.S. passport for the child.

Required application forms and documents for obtaining a Consular Report of Birth Abroad:

In addition to the above forms, a number of other documents are necessary, these include:

  • The child’s birth certificate issued by the Cypriot municipality (original or certified copy)
  • The parents’ marriage certificate (original or certified copy)
  • The passport of the American citizen parent(s)
  • The passport or other photographic identity document for a parent who is not a U.S. citizen, and
  • Evidence of the termination of any prior marriages, if applicable.
  • Evidence of American citizen parent(s) physical presence in the U.S.

Once the parents have completed the necessary forms and compiled the required documentation, they should email us at ACSNicosia@state.gov 

The fees for the Consular Report of Birth and minor passport may be paid in U.S. currency (cash), the equivalent in Euros or by credit card. The fees must be paid at the consular cashier’s window at the U.S. Embassy. Checks are not accepted.

A child born in Cyprus whose parents are legally married and both were U.S. citizens at the time of the child’s birth acquires U.S. citizenship at birth if at least one of the parents resided in the United States prior to the child’s birth.

Both parents must provide proof of their U.S. citizenship, their marriage certificate, the final divorce decrees dissolving any previous marriages, the child’s Cypriot birth certificate, and evidence that at least one parent lived in the United States prior to the child’s birth.

The interviewing consular officer may require additional evidence to demonstrate that the child is the biological offspring of the parents.

A child born in Cyprus whose parents are legally married and one of the parents was a U.S. citizen at the time of the child’s birth acquires U.S. citizenship at birth if the U.S. citizen parent was physically present in the United States for five full years before the child was born and two of those five years were after the parent’s 14th birthday.

In addition to the above list of forms and documents, the U.S. citizen parent must provide proof of his or her U.S. citizenship along with substantial evidence that he or she was physically present in the United States for a total a five full years before the child was born and that two of those five years were after the parent’s 14th birthday.

Evidence of physical presence may include Social Security payment summaries, original school transcripts, federal income tax filings with the wage earner’s W-2 forms, any passports used before the birth of the child, and similar documents. To avoid the possible inconvenience of having to return to the U.S. Embassy with additional documentation, the U.S. citizen parent is urged to provide evidence of physical presence that is not limited to five specific calendar years but instead covers as long a period of time as possible.

The interviewing consular officer may require additional evidence to demonstrate that the child is the biological offspring of the U.S. citizen parent. In rare instances, the consular officer may request that the U.S. citizen parent undergo DNA testing with the child to resolve uncertainties about their blood relationship. This testing follows strict security and privacy protocols and costs several hundred dollars.

A child born out of wedlock in Cyprus to a U.S. citizen mother acquires U.S. citizenship at birth if the mother lived in the United States for one continuous year prior to the child’s birth. The mother’s age when she lived in the United States for one continuous year is not a consideration in determining the child’s claim to U.S. citizenship. The child’s mother must provide proof of her U.S. citizenship.

In addition to the above list of forms and documents the mother must provide evidence of physical presence in the United States, this may include Social Security payment summaries, original school transcripts, federal income tax filings with the wage earner’s W-2 forms, passports used before the birth of the child, and similar documents. In some instances a certified copy of a U.S. birth certificate and passports with relevant entry and exit stamps have provided sufficient evidence of the mother’s physical presence in the United States.

In extremely rare instances, the U.S. citizen mother may be asked to undergo DNA testing with the child to resolve uncertainties about their blood relationship. This testing follows strict security and privacy protocols and costs several hundred dollars.

The Embassy strongly encourages an American citizen mother obtaining a Consular Report of Birth for her child to apply also for a U.S. passport for the child. If the father’s name appears on the child’s birth certificate, or if the parents married after the birth of the child, or if the father has not abandoned his parental obligations, the child’s father will be required to be present at the U.S. Embassy and sign the passport application (DS-11) if the child is under 14 years of age.

A child born out of wedlock in Cyprus whose father is a U.S. citizen acquires U.S. citizenship at birth if five specific conditions established by the U.S. Congress are satisfied.

First, the blood relationship between the father and child must be demonstrated by clear and convincing evidence.

Second, the father must have been a U.S. citizen when the child was born.

Third, prior to the birth of the child, the father must have been physically present in the United States for a total of five full years, and two of those five years must have been after the father’s 14th birthday.

Fourth, prior to the child’s 18th birthday, the father must sign under oath or affirmation a written statement agreeing to support the child financially until its 18th birthday.

Fifth, prior to the child’s 18th birthday, the father must either formally acknowledge his paternity of the child or legitimate the child in accordance with the laws of Cyprus.

The U.S. citizen father must provide proof that he was a U.S. citizen when the child was born. The father’s current or previous U.S. passport may provide the best proof of this.

The U.S. citizen father provide substantial evidence that he was physically present in the United States for a total of five full years before the child was born and that two of those five years were after the father’s 14th birthday.

Evidence of physical presence may include Social Security payment summaries, original school transcripts, federal income tax filings with the wage earner’s W-2 forms, any passports used before the birth of the child, and similar documents. To avoid the possible inconvenience of having to return to the U.S. Embassy with additional documentation, the U.S. citizen father is urged to provide evidence of physical presence that is not limited to five specific calendar years, but instead covers as long a period of time as possible.

The U.S. citizen father will be asked to sign under oath or affirmation before a consular officer a written statement acknowledging his paternity and agreeing to support the child until its 18th birthday.

The father must provide a certified copy of the child’s Cypriot birth certificate.

The interviewing consular officer may require additional evidence to demonstrate that the child is the biological offspring of the U.S. citizen father. In rare instances, the U.S. citizen father may be asked to undergo DNA testing with the child to resolve uncertainties about their blood relationship. This testing follows strict security and privacy protocols and costs several hundred dollars.

The U.S. Embassy strongly encourages the U.S. citizen father obtaining a Consular Report of Birth Abroad for his child to apply also for a U.S. passport for the child. The child’s mother must be present with the father and child to sign the passport application if the child is under 14 years of age.

For inquiries e-mail us at: ACSNicosia@state.gov

Generally, immediate family members may accompany passport or CRBA applicants to their appointment interviews at a U.S. embassy or consulate, and all minor children must be accompanied by a parent or guardian. Passport or CRBA applicants also have the option of being accompanied by an attorney at their appointment interview. Attendance by any third party, including an attorney, accompanying an applicant is subject to the following parameters designed to ensure an orderly appointment interview process and to maintain the integrity of the adjudication of the application(s):

  • Given space limitations in the consular section, not more than one attendee at a time will be allowed to accompany an applicant (or the applicant’s parent or guardian if the applicant is a minor).
  • Attendance by an attorney does not excuse the applicant and/or the minor applicant’s parent or guardian from attending the appointment interview in person.
  • The manner in which a passport or CRBA appointment interview is conducted, and the scope and nature of the inquiry, shall at all times be at the discretion of the consular officer, following applicable Departmental guidance.
  • It is expected that attorneys will provide their clients with relevant legal advice prior to, rather than at, the appointment interview, and will advise their clients prior to the appointment interview that the client will participate in the appointment interview with minimal assistance.
  • Attorneys may not engage in any form of legal argumentation during the appointment interview and before the consular officer.
  • Attendees other than a parent or guardian accompanying a minor child may not answer a consular officer’s question on behalf or in lieu of an applicant, nor may they summarize, correct, or attempt to clarify an applicant’s response, or interrupt or interfere with an applicant’s responses to a consular officer’s questions.
  • To the extent that an applicant does not understand a question, s/he should seek clarification from the consular officer directly.
  • The consular officer has sole discretion to determine the appropriate language(s) for communication with the applicant, based on the facility of both officer and applicant and the manner and form that best facilitate communication between the consular officer and the applicant. Attendees may not demand that communications take place in a particular language solely for the benefit of the attendee. Nor may attendees object to or insist on the participation of an interpreter in the appointment interview, to the qualifications of any interpreter, or to the manner or substance of any translation.
  • No attendee may coach or instruct applicants as to how to answer a consular officer’s question.
  • Attendees may not object to a consular officer’s question on any ground (including that the attendee regards the question to be inappropriate, irrelevant, or adversarial), or instruct the applicant not to answer a consular officer’s question. Attendees may not interfere in any manner with the consular officer’s ability to conduct all inquiries and fact-finding necessary to exercise his or her responsibilities to adjudicate the application.
  • During a passport or CRBA appointment interview, attendees may not discuss or inquire about other applications.
  • Attendees may take written notes, but may not otherwise record the appointment interviews.
  • Attendees may not engage in any other conduct that materially disrupts the appointment interview. For example, they may not yell at or otherwise attempt to intimidate or abuse a consular officer or staff, and they may not engage in any conduct that threatens U.S. national security or the security of the embassy or its personnel. Attendees must follow all security policies of the Department of State and the U.S. embassy or consulate where the appointment interview takes place.

Attendees may not engage in any conduct that violates this policy and/or otherwise materially disrupts the appointment interview. Failure to observe these parameters will result in a warning to the attendee and, if ignored, the attendee may be asked to leave the appointment interview and/or the premises, as appropriate. It would then be the applicant’s choice whether to continue the appointment interview without the attendee present, subject to the consular officer’s discretion to terminate the appointment interview. The safety and privacy of all applicants awaiting consular services, as well as of consular and embassy personnel, is of paramount consideration.